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I see I was beaten to the answer, but to repeat, the reason .410 and .45 Colt work is the loaded rounds can both fit in the same chamber. .30-30 and .30-06 cannot. Moreover, they'd require much heavier cylinder walls and the large volumes of powder they use would likely cause rapid erosion of the revolver frame top strap. A shotgun revolver could be made, but the size of the cylinder would be so great it would be very awkward to carry or handle.
There was an early version revolver style magazine folding stock shotgun from South Africa called the Striker Street Sweeper. It proved to have reliability problems and the magazine was revised to rotary drum style with auto-ejection. It takes a Class III permit to own one in the U.S. so they are uncommon here. I don't think many people see a reason to go to that expense to have one.