The book you are looking for is Principles and Practices of Loading Ammunition by Earl Naramore. I believe this is the best book on the subject.
Nest is The Complete Guide to Handloading by Phil Sharpe. Look in the books forum for a free download link.
The NRA has a book out on Ammunition that is very informative.
For more information on cartridge cases:
Designing and Forming Custom Cartridges by Ken Howell. This is probably the best book available currently
Than Handloaders Manual of Cartridge Conversions by John Donnelly. Not quite as good, the drawings leave a lot to be desired but there is quite a bit of solid data on case forming and fire forming.
Home Guide to Cartridge Conversions by George Nonte. At one time this book was the: “Gold standard but it is over shadowed by Ken Howell’s book.
Illustrated Guide to Cartridge Dimensions by Wolfe Publishing. Not data other than a first class drawing of the cartridge and the known dimensions. There is a story behind this book but I leave it to read Ken Howell’s book to: “find the pearl.”
Wildcat Cartridges by Richard Simmons. This is an oldie but goodie.
Moderator, you should move this post to the book section